The State of Madhya Pradesh came into existence on November 1, 1956. The present Madhya Pradesh was created after a new Chhattisgarh State was carved out of it on November 1, 2000. Being centrally located, Madhya Pradesh is referred to as ‘Heartland of India’.
|Population (Census 2011)||72627 (In Thousand)|
|Male||37612 (In Thousand)|
|Female||35015 (In Thousand)|
|Scheduled Tribes (Census 2011)||35015 (In Thousand)|
|Scheduled Castes (Census 2011)||11317 (In Thousand)|
|Area (in sq. kms.)||308,000|
Madhya Pradesh, is also the second richest state in terms of its mineral resources. Primarily, it is an agrarian economy. Industrial development is concentrated in the districts like Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior and Jabalpur. A large part of the mineral production of India is contributed by Madhya Pradesh. Big reserves of Manganese and iron ore deposits are found here. The state also produces about 45% of Bauxite in India. The State also has rich reserves of coal in the northeastern and Satpura regions. The state has the distinction of being the only diamonds producing state in India, with mines in Panna district.
Madhya Pradesh has rich forests. It is the State with largest forest area i.e. 94,689 Sq. Kms which is over 30% of the State’s total area and 12.38% of India’s forest area. The abundantly found trees include Teak, Sal, Bamboo and Tendu. State has 25 Sanctuaries, 10 National Parks including 6 Project Tiger Reserves.
Madhya Pradesh is also a major tourism destination. Numerous monuments of historical, archaeological, architectural and pilgrimage importance dot the state. The forests are teeming with all kinds of wildlife. Because of its central location and easy accessibility, tourism is becoming a major attraction.