About MP

The State of Madhya Pradesh came into existence on November 1, 1956. The present Madhya Pradesh was created after a new Chhattisgarh State was carved out of it on November 1, 2000. Being centrally located, Madhya Pradesh is referred to as ‘Heartland of India’.

The second largest state of India, Madhya Pradesh is considered the emerging economic tiger of the country. Madhya Pradesh has witnessed a radical transformation in its economic and social development and has recorded an impressive decadal CAGR of 11.26% in Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP).

Madhya Pradesh is centrally located and borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to the north-east, Chhattisgarh to the south-east, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the west and Rajasthan to the northwest. Its central location provides a strategic advantage by capturing 50% of the Indian population through its adjacent states. This location advantage of the state is supplemented through a robust road network of over 3,50,000 km, 40+ national highways and 550+ trains making their way across the state daily.

Population (Census 2011) 72627 (In Thousand)
Male 37612 (In Thousand)
Female 35015 (In Thousand)
Scheduled Tribes (Census 2011) 35015 (In Thousand)
Scheduled Castes (Census 2011) 11317 (In Thousand)
Area (in sq. kms.) 308,000
Districts 52
Tehsils 367
Development Blocks 313
Total villages 54,903

Madhya Pradesh, is also the second richest state in terms of its mineral resources. Primarily, it is an agrarian economy. Industrial development is concentrated in the districts like Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior and Jabalpur. A large part of the mineral production of India is contributed by Madhya Pradesh. Big reserves of Manganese and iron ore deposits are found here. The state also produces about 45% of Bauxite in India. The State also has rich reserves of coal in the northeastern and Satpura regions. The state has the distinction of being the only diamonds producing state in India, with mines in Panna district.

Madhya Pradesh has rich forests. It is the State with largest forest area i.e. 94,689 Sq. Kms which is over 30% of the State’s total area and 12.38% of India’s forest area. The abundantly found trees include Teak, Sal, Bamboo and Tendu. State has 25 Sanctuaries, 10 National Parks including 6 Project Tiger Reserves.

Madhya Pradesh is also a major tourism destination. Numerous monuments of historical, archaeological, architectural and pilgrimage importance dot the state. The forests are teeming with all kinds of wildlife. Because of its central location and easy accessibility, tourism is becoming a major attraction.